What Causes Atopic Dermatitis

February 20, 2018

Atopic dermatitis is a skin condition where your skin turns red and becomes itchy. Your skin becomes dry, and no amount of moisturizer can help you keep your skin dry.

You must know that this skin condition is prevalent in kids more though there are some cases where even adults suffer from this condition. The worst thing about this skin condition is that once you contract the skin disease, it stays for a long duration of time and as time passes, in most cases, the situation becomes worse. Often it is also noticed that atopic dermatitis is accompanied by a case of asthma or allergic rhinitis.

Unfortunately, there is no specific cure for this skin condition. The only thing you can do is that take preventive measures and keep your skin healthy. For doing so, you need to understand the causes of this skin condition so that you can make sure to prevent it to your best effort.

In this article, you will read about some of the most common causes that the doctors believe is the reason behind developing this skin disorder.

  • Having a family history of allergies
    It is observed that a big part of the population of the people who suffer from a case of atopic dermatitis have a family history of allergies. Often the patient has someone in their family who suffers from hay fever, asthma or any other kind of dust allergy. It is said that about 30% of the crowd that suffers from this skin condition has a certain kind of gene mutation for the production of filaggrin. Filaggrin is important as it is said that this element is responsible for keeping our skin surface slightly acidic and keeping the Ph value in check. With no filaggrin, the chances of developing an early case of atopic dermatitis are alarmingly high.
  • External allergens
    Irritants and allergens in the air you breathe is highly responsible for your skin’s health. If you are constantly exposed to air that contains a lot of allergens, you are highly likely to develop eczema. Dust particles, dust mites, and pollutants might lead to deterioration of your skin. Note that animal dander, shed from pets like dogs and cats too can cause a case of asthma or atopic dermatitis.
  • Food allergies
    In relatively few cases of atopic dermatitis, the cause if because of some food allergens. Kids who are allergic to food items like eggs, peanuts, milk, etc. are highly likely to develop eczema or a case of atopic dermatitis. It is observed that a diet rich in fruits seems to protect your skin from developing a case of atopic dermatitis while on the other hand processed food, gluten, and fast food aggravates the pain and makes your situation worse.
  • Environmental factor & hygiene
    According to this hygiene theory, it is believed that if your kid is exposed to all the common allergens like dust particles at a very young age are said to develop a strong immunity against all the allergens. As a result, as they grow up, they are more likely to not fall sick because of allergies. It is also believed that on the contrary, children who have been raised in a much more sanitized environment who have never been exposed to common allergens, when growing up and step out, are more likely to catch a case of atopic dermatitis.
  • Hard water & harsh soap
    It is believed that the hardness of the water too can cause atopic dermatitis. This happens majorly in kids who are vulnerable to allergens and easily develop skin problems. The level of calcium carbonate, i.e., the hardness of the drinking water is said to be one of the reasons why children develop this skin condition. So, make sure to check the hardness of your household water. Another thing observed is that the harshness of the soaps and the detergents too can cause atopic dermatitis in adults and children. Make sure you use soaps and detergents that do not consist harsh chemicals that will make your skin condition worse.
  • Other risk factors
    There are many other factors that can lead to developing rashes and a case of atopic dermatitis. For many people, weather changes, change of seasons can cause discomfort and lead to dryness of skin. Stress too is studied to be a risk factor that aggravates the pain associated with atopic dermatitis.

If you are suspicious that you suffer from a case of atopic dermatitis, it is best to make an appointment with a dermatologist and seek professional advice.