Bleeding gums can be problematic and lead to a variety of gum diseases. The treatments for these diseases usually depend on the stage of the disease. The stage of your condition also defines how your body will react to the treatment and affect your overall health. Speed of recovery is also defined by this factor. Bleeding gums is also closely related to gingivitis and the conditions that come with it. The treatments for gum diseases can range from non-surgical therapies that are meant to control the bacterial growth in the mouth and surgical therapies that restore the damaged tissues.
Non-surgical treatments for gum diseases
There are some treatment methods that do not require you to undergo any surgery to treat a gum disease, some of them are as follows.
- Professional dental cleaning
If you got for a regular dental checkup, your dentist will probably get rid of the plaque and tartar accumulated in your teeth. However, this is not a detailed process to clean your teeth. If you want to get rid of the tartar and plaque, you will have to opt for professional dental cleaning. The plaque needs to be removed from above and below the gum line of all your teeth. It is ideal to get a professional dental cleaning once a year, but if you are facing gum diseases your dentist might recommend you do it twice a year. However, dental cleanings do not work as treatments for an active gum disease that is causing bleeding gums. They merely act as an effective preventive measure from gum diseases.
- Scaling and root planing
This is another cleaning process that is done to keep your mouth away from bacteria, plaque, and tartar. This is a deep-cleansing process, and it is done after giving you the required amount of anesthesia. It involves the removal of plaque and tartar from the top as well as the bottom of your gum line. The plaque and tartar are scraped off and the rough spots on the teeth are smoothened. The scraping process is known as scaling, while the smoothening process is known as planing. Once the teeth are smoothened, they become plain; this removes the bacteria as well as makes it easier for the gums to reattach to the teeth. The scaling and planing is only done when your dentist determines that you have an excess amount of plaque and tartar.
Surgical treatments for gum disease
Along with non-surgical methods, there are also some conditions that require surgical help. Here are some examples.
- Flap surgery
The main cause of any gum disease is a formation of tartar and plaque in the gums. In this surgery, the gums are lifted backwards and the tartar is removed. If you have irregular surfaces that can allow for growth of the bacteria, then these areas are smoothened first before the cleaning is undertaken. The gums are then put back in their position, their position is slightly adjusted for the tissue to fit perfectly on the tooth. The process of this method is to reduce the gap between the teeth and the gums and prevent the growth of bacteria, which can lead to health problems that are associated with periodontal diseases.
- Bone grafts
In some cases, gum diseases can go on to destroy the bone and would need some form of replacement or repair. The surgery that involves replacement of the bone with your own bone, synthetic bone, or a donated bone is referred to as bone grafts. These grafts work as a platform for effective regrowth of the bone. The regrowth stabilizes the tooth and makes it stronger as the gap is reduced, thereby resulting in a stronger grip between the gum and the tooth. Tissue engineering is another new technology that improves the growth of your bone and gums.
- Guided tissue regeneration
The gum tissue and bone growth are encouraged with the help of this surgery. It is performed only when the bone is entirely destroyed. As the tooth is destroyed, the gap between the tooth and the gums is massive. To cover this gap, a mesh-like fabric is inserted in the gap. The process of inserting this fabric in the gap is done in this surgery. This surgery is essentially done in combination with the flap surgery. The fabric stops the gum tissue from growing in the area that is supposed to be taken over by the bone. This allows the connective tissue and the bone to grow back and take their designated spot reducing the gap to a complete zero.