Anything that increases the chances of a developing cancer in a person is a risk factor. There are risk factors that can influence the development of cancer in most people but don’t cause cancer directly. People, based on their exposure to the risk factors, have high or low chances of developing melanoma or any other type of cancer. Knowing the risk factors can help many to prevent themselves from getting melanoma in the future.
Unprotected exposure to the sun may often lead to exposure of UV radiation, which may increase the chances of getting melanoma. People living in high altitudes are often more exposed to the sun that people who live in the low altitude. Exposure to ultraviolet B radiation appears to be one of the main risk factors of melanoma. However, according to recent findings, it has also been inferred that ultraviolet A may increase the risk of developing melanoma in a person.
Indoor tanning is often liked by many, and people who use tanning beds go to tanning parlors or use sun lamps often have high chances of getting melanoma as they expose their skin to harmful radiation.
Moles are often harmless unless they are dysplastic nevi or atypical moles. People with such moles can get melanoma. These are large moles that don’t have a usual color or shape. Doctors often recommend keeping a close tab of the moles by taking timely photographs to monitor their size, color, density and overall appearance. Any changes in those moles with size, outlines, color can indicate melanoma.
People who are fair skinned are often more prone to getting melanoma because of the inadequate presence of melanin in their body. People with blond or red hair, and freckles have higher risk of melanoma.
Family history of melanoma increases the chances of a person’s developing melanoma. If there is a relative who has or had melanoma, there is high chance the person might develop melanoma in the future as well. The risk only increases when the family members of the person live in different places and are diagnosed with melanoma.
Having skin cancer in the past increases the risk of developing melanoma in a person. It is, hence, important for people who have had a past experience of skin cancer to regularly go for checkups to avoid recurrence or melanoma.
A weakened immune system or use of medicines that negatively affect the immune system can make a person prone to melanoma.
These risk factors are important to understand as prevention is more effective when the causes and risk factors are well known.
There are different causes for different types of cancer. Researchers have continued to look into all factors that cause melanoma. Even though there is no proven way to prevent this cancer disease, there are ways one can lower the risk of melanoma. It is important to talk to your doctor to gather as much information on prevention of melanoma as possible.
Reducing UV exposure and entering the sun with proper protection will help you prevent yourself from the harmful effects of the rays. Using an effective SPF while you are in the sun is one of the good ways to protect yourself from the sun and your skin from melanoma.
If you use tanning devices and there are risk factors of melanoma you can associate yourself with, then avoid using those tanning devices as that can be an effective measure to prevent melanoma.
Keep your immune system strong by eating healthy food and following a healthy lifestyle. This includes consuming as much healthy and organic food items as possible and avoiding all junk and processed food. Sleeping adequately and exercising after waking up will make you body healthy and mind happy. This eventually leads to a strong immune system. A strong immune system leads to a disease-free life. Quitting all unhealthy habits of smoking, eating junk, drinking alcohol, or using narcotics is also imperative to achieve good immunity.
If you have a family history of melanoma, then you have more reasons to stay healthy and fit and get yourself checked from time to time. By going for regular check-ups you can ensure an early diagnosis and treatment, in case you develop melanoma.
Check your skin regularly for any early signs of melanoma. Remember to keep a positive outlook to life despite have many inevitable risk factors as staying positive is important for good health. If you can identify yourself with many risk-factors, you can still avoid melanoma by staying healthy and positive.