Arthritis is a condition that causes inflammation in one or multiple joints. There are many types of arthritis that are caused by different type of conditions. Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis are the two main types arthritis.
Adult Still’s Disease
A rare kind of Arthritis, the symptoms of Adult Still’s disease is somewhat similar to those of rheumatoid arthritis. As the name suggests, its onset is in adulthood and the inflammation may initially affect a few joints. Some patients of Adult Still’s disease might have a single bout of the illness, whereas others might develop a chronic condition. The causes of Adult Still’s disease remain unknown, but some researchers believe the condition is triggered due to an infection.
An age-related condition, it is the most common type of arthritis that is caused due to wear and tear of the joints that are overused. Joints such as the knees, feet, hips, and spine are the most affected areas as they bear the maximum bodyweight and, hence, suffer from this condition. Joint injuries and obesity are also some of the causes of osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis is the result of breaking down of the cartilage that is present between the bones. For instance, if a person is overweight, the pressure on the knees due to extra pounds squeezes the cartilage between the bones harder, damaging it eventually.
An autoimmune disease, rheumatoid arthritis results in inflammation in the joints because the body’s immune system attacks the various parts of the body. The inflammation of the joint leads to joint damage if not dealt with timely. One out of five people across the country suffer from rheumatoid arthritis. This autoimmune disease causes formation of lumps on the skin that are called rheumatoid nodules. These modules often form on the joints that receive the maximum pressure, such as the knuckles, elbows, and heels.
The reason for this disease being autoimmune remains unknown. Some doctors and medical researchers believe that it is an autoimmune disease because our body’s immune system gets confused after a remission from a bacterial or viral infection and starts attacking the body’s joints. If not treated in time, it can spread to other parts of the body. Further research suggests that there are two body chemicals that are related to inflammation in the body: tumor necrosis factor and interleukin-1.
It is the inflammation of small fluid-containing sac called the bursa. The bursa acts as a cushion between the bone and muscle, skin, or tendon. It usually affects the shoulders, elbows, hips, buttocks, knees, and, in some cases, calves.
- bad body postures and walking habits,
- certain medications that the patient might be taking to treat skin conditions,
- rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, and gout,
- diabetic symptoms and other metabolic conditions, and
- poor or abnormally positioned joints.
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS)
It is a type of arthritis that affects the hands, wrists, and arms. CTS occurs when the nerve from the palm of the hand gets squeezed or pinched in the wrist. This condition makes the area weak, numb, and painful. It develops over time and is commonly seen in women. If left untreated, the condition leads to loss in grip strength.
When frequent pressure is applied on the nerves and the tendon of the carpal tunnel overtime, it leads to CTS. Injuries or trauma due to a break or sprain can trigger this condition. Autoimmune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis also lead to CTS.
A form of inflammatory disease, this type of arthritis develops in people who have high levels of uric acid in the blood. There are about 4 percent of citizens (mostly adults) across the country that suffer from Gout.
It is one of those conditions that come on suddenly and often result in painfully swollen big toe or in any other lower body joint. It is the result of a process that has been taking place in the body for a long time. The main cause of gout is completely different from the trigger of the gout attack. It occurs due to a condition called as hyperuricemia or high levels of uric acid. Some factors that cause this condition include foods that have high purine levels, obesity, and excessive use of alcohol.
It is a chronic autoimmune disease that can affect different parts of the body. Systemic lupus erythematosus causes rashes, kidney problems with joint pain, fatigue, hair loss, and sensitivity to light.
It is one of the conditions with unknown causes. Researchers contribute to some environmental factors that trigger the disease with several other genetic factors. However, they also believe there is no single gene that leads to this condition. Some contributing factors might include overexposure of sunlight, stress, hormonal imbalance, and smoking.