Factors That Can Cause Fluctuations In Blood Sugar

February 20, 2018

Fluctuations in blood sugar levels can lead to a number of conditions, including prolonged conditions like diabetes, kidney disease, and nerve damage. Keeping your sugar levels in check on a daily basis helps you lead a healthy life and stay energized, focused, and positive. If your blood sugar levels fluctuate, you will probably face symptoms such as frequent urination, blurred vision, unexpected weight loss, and a drop in healing capacity. Blood sugar fluctuation can be caused by a number of factors, let us look at some of them.

Artificial sweeteners
This cause is still under debate as there are no concrete establishments about artificial sweeteners raising the blood sugar. In a test, 17 people were given a beverage that was artificially sweetened by sucralose before they took a standardized dose of glucose. Their blood sugar shot to higher levels owing to the impact it had after they drank water. However, this research is not definitive as many studies have shown that artificial sweeteners do not have any impact on blood sugar levels. Soda has an excess amount of sugar and artificial sweeteners; therefore, if you have lot of soda, you would want to cut down on it.

Dehydration is a condition that is caused when the water level in your body drops below the required threshold. It can cause you to faint, feel lightheaded, dizzy, and weak. A study has shown that dehydration also impacts your blood sugar; the two are a lot more closely related than we expect them to be. Dehydration and high blood sugar work in tandem; high blood sugar causes you to urinate more often, leading to dehydration. Dehydration leads to hyperglycemia, i.e., increase in sugar concentration in the blood. People with diabetes are generally aware of this fact, and they must be vigilant of their fluid levels. Your fluids should not just be restricted to water; if you have a large body, it might get difficult to have lots of water. Add some lemon wedges, frozen berries, cucumber slices, or mint leaves to your water.

Dawn phenomenon
You must not be afraid if you wake up with high blood sugar despite keeping it under control the previous night. This is known as the “dawn phenomenon,” and it usually occurs when the body prepares to wake up by releasing various hormones. These hormones affect the body and make it less sensitive to insulin, causing the blood sugar levels to hike in people with diabetes. Other reasons for the blood sugar to hike in the morning include the excess intake of insulin/medication and an improper meal in the evening before bed. This is normal if it happens once in a while; however, if it starts to become consistent, you might want to consult a doctor.

Menstrual cycles in women
Menstrual cycles are bad enough with the existence of bloating, stomach cramps, and mood swings; moreover, an irregular fluctuation in blood sugar can also be caused in the premenstrual period. This differs from person to person and might not be seen in an individual at all, though women with diabetes have stated that their body becomes less sensitive to insulin during the menstrual period. If there are fluctuations in the blood sugar, the fluctuations generally return to the normal levels at the end of the menstrual cycle. You can add some extra exercise or reduce the intake of carbohydrates during this time to help your condition.

Improper sleep
Most of us have been victims of improper sleep cycles, restless nights, and sleep deprivation. We know them to affect our mood and energy, but they also have an impact on the blood sugar levels in our body. Lack of sleep can fluctuate your blood sugar levels and result in diabetes. If you already have the condition, it can hamper glucose control and induce insulin sensitivity. Not getting enough sleep results in chronic stress on the body, and a high stress usually leads to fluctuations in the blood sugar level.

Excess caffeine
There is no stable amount of caffeine that is good or enough for your body to function appropriately. Caffeine intake can make you restless and result in the rise of blood sugar. Too much caffeine is also one of the major causing factors for type 1 diabetes. To get an idea of the amount of caffeine that is good for your blood sugar, it is important to monitor the blood glucose. If you are a heavy consumer of caffeine, you can opt to cut down on the caffeine and see if there is a change in the blood sugar level.