The type of treatment for cold & flu will entirely depend on its inherent symptoms. In most cases, the conditions are not so severe and can be easily managed at home with simple home remedies and self-care treatments. There are a number of medical conditions which exhibit similar symptoms which is why a proper diagnosis is advisable before a viable treatment alternative is suggested. In case the symptoms of cold and flu persist causing discomfort, the following treatment options come in very handy.
Pain and fever are some of the major symptoms of any cold and flu infection which is why there are a number of over the counter medications available for an effective treatment option. This is mostly for mild to moderate cases of the infection, with symptoms that are not so recurrent and persistent which may be cause for immediate medical attention. NSAIDs (Non-Steroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs) are very popular options when it comes to OTC drugs. These medications help cure the inflammation and associated discomforts, mostly in the nasal cavity with congestion being one of them.
Often infections are a result of viruses, which is where antibiotics come in handy. Most types of cold aflu are caused due to bacterial infections. Antibiotics are used to treat symptoms which affect the ears and sinuses mainly.
The nasal cavity is blocked due to an infection, which causes problems in breathing. However, decongestants function in a way by narrowing down the nasal pathways so that the fluids don’t leak out, thus controlling the swelling caused due to a bacterial or viral infection. However, nasal sprays should not be used for a prolonged period since they can lead to withdrawal problems resulting in a number of rebound symptoms. Addiction to nasal decongestants is not unheard of which is why its use should be limited since the relief is temporary. Decongestants are also known to make people very active and hyper if used for a long time. For prolonged relief from blockage, prescription medications suggested by a medical professional are an alternative. Decongestants should be very carefully combined with other medicines since there are a number of possible side effects after initial interaction with other types and classes of drugs.
Swelling, congestion, irritation, and itching are some of the symptoms of histamine effect caused due to an allergic reaction. These are also common symptoms of cold and flu, which can be treated with a dose of antihistamines. On the one hand, where decongestants make people hyper as one of the drug’s side effects, antihistamines can make people drowsy due to a sedation effect.
Vitamin C supplements
Studies show that vitamin C helps reduce the symptoms of cold and flu in many cases. However, vitamin C in its natural form may not be as effective as vitamin C supplements which can be purchased in the market. The dosage should under no circumstances exceed what your doctor has recommended, and this supplement should not be taken for prolonged periods. Note that mixing supplements with other medications can also cause a number of side effects to ensure the same in case there is a need for you to rely on such supplements to manage the symptoms of cold and flu.
Zinc lozenges and nasal swabs
For a simple self-care treatment option, you can have zinc lozenges every couple of hours when the symptoms are more prominent and can also use nasal zinc swabs to open up the blocked cavity. However, zinc nasal swabs should be used cautiously and in limited quantity since studies show that the swabs can affect your sense of smell. Lozenges are a much healthier and effective option to manage and treat some of the known symptoms of cold and flu.
Honey lemon cough drops
One of the more persistent symptoms of cold and flu includes a sore throat and coughs. Honey lemon cough drops are the best way to treat the irritation, and scratchy feeling caused due to a bacterial or viral infection.
Infections are very easily spread through contact which is why keeping your hands sanitized after you come in contact with or while using foreign objects is recommended. As it is rightly said, prevention is better than cure, hand sanitizers can be the easiest way to avoid cold and flu infection causing viruses to be transferred. Most hand sanitizers are alcohol based, and alcohol is a great sterilizing agent making the sanitizers sterile. At the same time, it causes your skin to dry out. Hand sanitizers can be used with a good moisturizer from time to time.