Tooth pain is one of the most wrongly-trivialized health conditions you might come across. People often neglect the nagging pain in their tooth or gums, thinking it would subside on its own. There’s a high probability that it might be a simple oral hygiene issue, or it might be an abscessed tooth.
An abscess is a pocket of pus that is formed around the root of an infected tooth, and this condition can affect anyone irrespective of their age. This condition is more severe than it looks since, without the right kind of treatment, this infection can spread to the different parts such as your jaws, neck, head, or other parts of the body. To avoid such conditions, it is imperative that you seek medical attention right away.
Causes of abscess tooth
As mentioned earlier, abscess tooth contains a pocket of pus that surrounds the roots of an infected tooth. In fact, this condition can affect any part of the tooth and occurs due to different reasons. When the abscess occurs at the tip of the root of the tooth, it is called periapical abscess. Whereas, when the abscess occurs in the gum next to a tooth rot, it is called a periodontal abscess.
Irrespective of the type of abscess tooth one suffers from, there are certain underlying causes which are the root of this condition. Though our teeth are hard on the outside, the insides of the same are filled with pulp which consists of nerves, blood vessels, and certain connective tissues. At times, these can get infected. The causes of abscess tooth are as follows:
- When a tooth cracks and a portion of the same remains attached to the gums
- Certain gum diseases, also known as periodontal disease
- A deep cavity or tooth decay.
Either of these or a combination of these can cause abscess tooth. If these above-mentioned conditions aren’t treated, it can lead to the formation of an abscess in the roots of the tooth.
Symptoms of abscess tooth
Like every other health condition, even abscess tooth causes certain symptoms to surface before the actual pain sets in. These symptoms function as warning signs and draw attention to the fact that there’s something wrong with your tooth. The symptoms of abscess tooth are as follows:
- Foul smelling breath – One of the most prominent symptoms of an underlying infection is bad breath. People often wonder how their breath smells foul despite the fact that they floss and brush every day. A bacterial infection in the gums can cause one’s breath to smell bad. So, if one experiences foul-smelling breath, it is advisable to visit a dentist right away.
- Sharp, gnawing pain – Whether it is a deep cavity or a cracked tooth, it can cause severe discomfort. If you experience a shooting, sharp pain in the gums or near the tooth, it indicates an onset of infection. Usually, cavities are the source of such gnawing pain, and you need dental assistance in such cases.
- Bitter taste in the mouth – People usually attribute a bitter aftertaste in the mouth to indigestion. However, a bitter taste in your mouth can indicate the presence of an abscessed tooth. So, if you constantly experience a bitter taste in the mouth, consult a dentist and go in for a check-up.
- Redness of the gums – One of the glaring symptoms of abscess tooth is the redness of the gums. Whenever there’s some issue with one’s oral hygiene, you can instantly guess it by the color of the gums. Healthy gums are pink in color, and any deviation from the actual color of the gums indicate an underlying health condition. Red gums are a sign of infection caused by bacteria and have to be immediately treated before the infection spreads.
- Sudden fever – Abscess tooth doesn’t limit its suffering to the teeth. The accumulation of the pus and the impending infection can cause a sudden onset of fever. The infection caused by abscess tooth can spread to the different parts of the body, thereby, causing a fever. So, in case the toothache is followed by fever, it implies the presence of an abscessed tooth.
- Tooth sensitivity – Healthy gums and teeth ensure that you can eat anything and everything without facing repercussions of the same. However, an infection of the gums or abscess tooth can cause one’s teeth to become sensitive. Sensitivity implies that the individual experiences pain or discomfort when they eat something hot or cold.
- Pain in and around the tooth – Abscess tooth involves the formation of a pocket of pus in the root of the tooth, near the gums. This is the main cause of pain in and around that particular tooth. When the person experiences severe pain in and around the tooth especially while chewing or even while moving the jaw, it indicates the presence of an abscess tooth.
- Swollen lymph nodes – Abscess tooth can irritate the lymph nodes as well. It causes the lymph nodes in the neck or under the jaw to swell.
If you experience either of these symptoms of abscess tooth, ensure that you visit the dentist right away.