A life-threatening medical condition, one experiences a stroke when the supply of blood to part of the brain is disrupted. When the blood cells do not receive enough oxygen from the blood, they begin to die off within a few minutes. Thus, a stroke is a medical emergency and demands prompt treatment. However, the good news is that undergoing prior treatment can minimize the damage caused to the brain and prevent untoward repercussions.
A stroke may be triggered due to two main reasons. While one is led by a blockage of blood flow to the brain, the other is a result of bleeding in the brain. The most common kind suffered by a huge population is the former, i.e., ischemic stroke which happens when an irregular heartbeat forms a blood clot in disrupt blood flow. The latter, i.e., hemorrhagic stroke is led by the swelling and bursting of a blood vessel in the brain. Learning about the causes can help in preventing the odds of suffering from a stroke. Here are the following 7 common causes of stroke that you should be wary about:
Heart disease – People who suffer from heart diseases or conditions are at the highest risk of suffering from a stroke. Heart conditions can include several factors such as defective heart valves, irregular heartbeat, or atrial fibrillation. The arteries can also get clogged due to the depositing of fats. This is a cause that is more prevalent among senior individuals.
High blood pressure – Also known as hypertension, high blood pressure is yet another common cause of stroke. For someone whose blood pressure rises to more than 140/90, the doctor will ask him/her to undertake precaution as they are most susceptible to suffering from a stroke.
Smoking tobacco – Smoking or chewing tobacco raises the odds of suffering from most common diseases. Moreover, it is no surprise that smoking or consuming tobacco in any form puts an individual at the risk of having a stroke. An ingredient presents in tobacco, nicotine leads the blood pressure to rise. Moreover, the smoke causes a buildup of fat in the main neck artery leading to blockage of blood flow. It can also thicken the blood and is a major reason why the blood clots in the stream.
Diabetes – Diabetes is a disease that most people suffer from, irrespective of whether young or old. Diabetes damages the blood vessels, and this becomes an instant cause of a stroke. If a diabetic patient’s blood sugar levels are very high and he/she suffers from a stroke, the impact or the injury to the brain is much greater. Thus, diabetic patients must take extra precautions to prevent a stroke.
Excessive alcohol intake – Alcohol, when consumed in excess, not only damages the kidneys but also puts one at a great risk of suffering from a stroke. It can contribute as a factor of high blood pressure and can cause both types of strokes, i.e., ischemic stroke and hemorrhagic stroke. Moreover, it also interferes and disrupts the working of the drugs that one may be taking for any medical condition, and this can have a dreadful consequence.
Body weight – Having an unhealthy body weight, whether overweight or underweight can be related to several conditions. Excess body weight is a cause that can push one towards suffering from stoke. Thus, it is absolutely essential to maintain an ideal body weight that is appropriate to one’s BMI. The body must be put through a healthy exercise routine to maintain the correct body weight. Low-impact activities such as walking, jogging, and swimming can go a long way in managing a healthy body weight.
Family history – Stokes can be caused by a genetic disorder. It may be passed down by family genes and this cause is something one can not do much about. Moreover, an individual may suffer from diabetes or high blood pressure that is passed down from the previous generations and this, in turn, can lead to stroke.
Ageing – Anybody can suffer from a stroke; however, older people have a higher chance of getting affected by this condition. As some person crosses 50 years of age, he/she is more likely to experience a stroke.
The above cause can also cause a transient ischemic attack. This is stroke that is led by a temporary blockage of blood to the brain. This stroke is less severe as it does not cause permanent brain damage; however, it is likely to give way for a major one. Taking certain precaution and regularly undergoing medical checkups is essential to keep this condition under control.