People often have the tendency of overlooking toothache, and they disregard the severity of the situation until the nagging pain transforms into a gnawing, sharp pain. Abscess tooth is not a trivial dental hygiene issue, but it does stem from the fact that people neglect the importance of their oral hygiene.
Abscess tooth is characterized by the formation of pus pocket in and around the roots of that particular tooth. This is a serious condition since it can spread from the tooth to other parts of the body like the jaw, neck, head, or other parts of the body. There are various causes of abscess tooth, namely, a cracked tooth, some gum disease, tooth decay, or a deep cavity. Irrespective of what causes abscess tooth, it is important that you get it treated right away. This infection can spread to the different parts of the body and worsen the situation.
Abscess tooth causes a lot of pain and discomfort and poses a hurdle in performing the basic human functions such as eating or talking. So, the bottom line is that you need to get it treated as soon as you start experiencing the symptoms of the same.
Here are some of the effective treatment procedures that can help deal with the situation at hand.
The dentist would conduct an X-ray on the aching tooth to determine the presence of the abscess and determine how far it has spread. Only after learning the exact location of the abscess can the dentist go ahead with the different treatment procedures. Once the dentist has located the abscess and gauged the severity of the condition, either of these treatment procedures is undertaken.
- Incising and draining the abscess – After the X-ray and successfully locating the abscess, the dentist might opt for the “open and drain” form of treatment. In this method, the pus pocket around the tooth is opened and the pus is drained off. The dentist would make a small cut in the abscess and drain the pus from the abscess. After the pus is drained out completely, the affected area is washed with salt water to prevent any form of infection.
- Root canal – Root canal is a form of treatment almost every dental patient dreads. In addition to the pain one experiences during and post-root canal, the longevity quotient of this form of treatment makes it less desirable. However, if the abscessed tooth is deeply-rooted and quite severe, root canal might perhaps be the only way to salvage the rest of the teeth.
In this procedure, the dentist would drill down into your tooth to remove the diseased central tissue and will drain the pu from the abscess. After the pus is drained from the tooth, the dentist would fill and seal the tooth’s chamber and root canals. Moreover, to allow this tooth to last for life, this tooth can be capped with a crown. It makes the tooth stronger, especially if it’s the molar tooth. If you follow your oral hygiene rituals without fail and care for the restored tooth, it would easily last for a long time.
- Tooth extraction – Whenever we suffer from cavities, if the damage isn’t too severe, you can opt for dental fillings where the decayed part of the tooth is removed and replaced with a particular filling material. However, if the tooth has decayed beyond repair, and there’s nothing you can do to salvage the tooth, the dentist would extract the tooth from the roots.
If you have an abscessed tooth, one of the reasons that you are suffering from the condition can be a decayed tooth. If there’s no other method of saving the tooth and you wish to restrict the infection to the area to prevent it from affecting the other parts of the body, extraction of the tooth would be the only way out. After the tooth is extracted, it is imperative to drain the pus out so that it won’t spread.
- Antibiotics – Here’s one treatment method that you might prefer since it doesn’t involve surgery or extraction of the affected tooth. In case the tooth is abscessed and causes discomfort and pain and the damage isn’t quite severe, the dentist might prescribe antibiotics to treat this condition. Antibiotics or antibacterials are a kind antimicrobial drugs that prevent bacterial infections.
Abscess tooth is also caused due to certain gum infections, and these antibiotics aim at curbing the effect of these infections. These medications are instrumental in killing the infection-causing bacteria or inhibiting the growth of the same. Antibiotics such as Penicillin VK, Amoxicillin and clavulanic acid, Erythromycin, Metronidazole, etc. are prescribed to people suffering from an abscessed tooth.
In order to prevent the recurrence of abscess tooth, it is imperative that you pay more attention to oral hygiene.